October 1997

• From the President
• Marnie Dilling Memorial Service
• SEM Meeting 1997 at Pittsburgh
• Announcements
• Programs and Fellowships
• AKMR Panel at SEM (abstracts)
• AKMR Website
• AKMR Membership
• AKMR Officers

YouYoung Kang, Editor
506 Towne Avenue #3
Claremont, CA 91711
U. S. A.

From the President
During the year since our last meeting with SEM in Toronto, AKMR has expanded its general usefulness to the Western musical public by enlarging its Web page to include both Newsletters 1 and 2, plus a sizeable bibliography of writings on Korean music in Western languages. The Newsletters are particularly useful, as they include not only news of AKMR itself, but also Web links, publications, conferences, and information on fellowships and programs. Many thanks to YouYoung Kang for her hard work on these Newsletters!

AKMR activities continue to develop: we have an excellent panel at the SEM conference in Pittsburgh on Friday 24 October, "Relationship between Performance and Scholarship in Korean Traditional Music", chaired and organised by Okon Hwang; there will be papers by Um Hae-Kyung, Andrew Killick, Song Hyejin, and Keith Howard. Also the annual meeting will be held the same evening, where ideas for the future can be discussed.

In the last Newsletter and in my address [in absentia] to the Toronto meeting, I suggested seven ways in which AKMR can build a strong foundation and make itself an important force in the study and support of Korean music. Of these, three are now in effect: a Newsletter, a bibliography of useful books in Western languages, and an annual meeting. Offers of assistance from the membership for the remaining four would be most welcome: a database of scholars and students of Korean music, a list of useful contacts, texts of essays and lectures etc. on various topics pertaining to Korean music, and translations of writings in the Korean language. All of these can be easily spread via the Web page. Please come forth with contributions!

In 1997 AKMR suffered a great loss: our beloved Marnie Dilling passed away tragically on May 13. Marnie was a prime force in AKMR, and she devoted time and effort to AKMR even when terminally ill. Marnie has left a completed book, Stories Inside Stories: Music in the Making of Korean Olympic Ceremonies, which is now in press; many of the wonderful elements of Marnie's character and her insights into Korean music are expressed clearly in this book. She also had a number of other valuable projects underway, and she took the extraordinary step of distributing her draft materials and research data to appropriate scholars while she was still able to do so. Marnie's legacy will be with us for many years to come.

As always, ideas for the development of AKMR activities are welcome, and not just during the annual meeting. Please let any Officer of the Association know your ideas.

Looking forward to seeing as many members, old and new, as possible in Pittsburgh!

Robert C. Provine
September, 1997
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Margaret (Marnie) Dilling Memorial Service
by Mary McGann

On June 2, 1997, family, friends, students and colleagues of Marnie Dilling gathered in Atherton, CA, to remember and pay final tribute to a beloved friend and scholar. The Memorial Service and Burial was hosted by the Religious of the Sacred Heart, an international community of women, of which Marnie had been a member for thirty-six years.

Throughout the service, prayers and touching remembrances were offered by those present. At one moment in the service, Kim Hi-Kung, a colleague from UCSC, placed Marnie's taegum near her photo which rested on a table of rememberances at the front of the gathering. Marnie had chosen the Scripture readings and music to be used in the service prior to her death. Music selections, which wove together many of the musical threads of Marnie's life, included her own setting of Psalm 23 and a Gospel performance of Amazing Grace. At the conclusion of the service, members of P'UNGMULPAE, musicians from the Korean Youth Cultural Center in Oakland, accompanied all present in procession to Marnie's final resting place. The stirring sound of Korean drum and gong were a fitting and profoundly moving tribute to one who was deeply loved and respected by so many.

A Memorial Fund has been established at the University of California, Berkeley. This fund will name a shelf in the new Music Library in Marnie's memory. Gifts for the "Marnie Dilling Memorial Fund" may be sent to University Relations, Gift Processing, 2440 Bancroft, Berkeley, Ca, 94702-4200.

Note from the Editor: Sister Mary McGann is a member of the Religious of the Sacred Heart and arranged for the memorial service. Marnie Dilling's research data are archived at the U.C. Berkeley library. See also her obituary in the SEM Newsletter of September 1997.
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SEM '97, Pittsburgh
AKMR PANEL: Relationship Between Performance and Scholarship in Korean Traditional Music
Friday, October 24, 8:30 am - 10:30 am

Panel Chair: Okon Hwang (Eastern Connecticut State University)

"Scholars, Musicians and the Creative Process of Korean Music-Making," Um Hae-Kyung (The Queen's University of Belfast)

"Encountering Korea's 'Intangible Cultural Properties' System as a Performer and Scholar," Andrew Killick (University of Washington, Hankuk University of Foreign Studies)

"The Mutual Relationship Between Performance Activities and Research at the National Center for Korean Traditional Performing Arts," Song Hyejin (National Center for Korean Traditional Performing Arts)

"Interpreting the Performer Through Notation," Keith Howard (School of Oriental & African Studies)

Friday, October 24, 6:30 pm - 8:00 pm

Traditional and Contemporary Korean Kayagum
Performance by Hee-Sun Kim
Friday, October 24, 12:30 pm - 1:30 pm

Saturday, October 25, 8:00 pm - 10:00 pm

PAPER: "How 'Korean' is Samulnori?: Voices of Praise and Dissent in a Re-born Tradition," Shingil Park (University of Pittsburgh), Sunday, October 26, 9:00 am - 9:30 am

Korean Music Bibliography on the WEB!
Robert Provine has started compiling a Korean Music Bibliography on the AKMR page. See:
News for AKMR
Please send announcements of publications, conferences, performances, and fellowships to the Editor. The next Newletter (March 1998) will include recent publications and upcoming conferences.

Programs and Fellowships
Office of Research Cooperation, The Academy of Korean Studies, 50 Unjung-dong, Pundang-gu, Songnam-si, Kyonggi-do, 463-791, KOREA; [82] 342-45-8111 (227,275), [82] 342-47-6593; Fax [82] 342-44-9945;
THREE-MONTH SCHOLARSHIP: For junior or senior scholars who wish to use the resources of the Academy of Korean Studies, this scholarship includes round-trip airfare to Seoul and a monthly stipend of $400/$950.
ONE-YEAR SCHOLARSHIP: For senior scholars. The applicant will be paired up with a Korean scholar to collaborate on a publication. Scholars wishing to conduct their own research leading to publication are also elegible. Monthly stipend of $1,500.

Office of Fellowships and Grants, ACLS, 228 East 45th Street, New York, NY 10017-3398; Fax: (212) 949-8058;;
Postdoctoral research fellowships of up to $20,000 for humanistic and humanities-related social science research on the societies and cultures of Asia, Latin America, and sub-Saharan Africa. Applicants must hold US citizenship, permanent resident status, or full-time residence in the U.S. for three years, and must have a conferred Ph.D. or the equivalent. Application deadline is October 15, 1997 for grants beginning July 1998 through February 1999.

1290 Avenue of the Americas, New York, NY 10104; (212) 373-4300;;
A foundation that supports cultural exchange in the visual and performing arts between the United States and countries in Asia. Fellowships for Asian artists and scholars to research, study and carry out creative work in the United States. Some fellowships for Americans pursuing similar activites in Asia.

Institute of International Education, 809 United Nations Plaza, New York, NY 10017-3580;
Grants for US citizens with BA/BS degrees or enrolled in graduate programs for study and research in Korea. Deadline for all grants is October 23, 1997.
FULBRIGHT FULL GRANTS: Eight grants to provide transportation, tuition, research allowances, living costs, and insurance for a 10-month period starting August or September 1998.
FULBRIGHT TRAVEL GRANTS: Two travel grants to supplement an award from a non-IIE source.
ENGLISH TEACHING ASSISTANTSHIPS: 30 one-year assistantships to teach (in English) in provincial areas of Korea. $1,000/month stipend plus, travel, insurance, and orientation costs.

USIA Fulbright Senior Scholar Program, Council for International Exchange of Scholars, Box INET, 3007 Tilden St., NW, Suite 5M, Washington, DC 20008-3009;(202) 686-7877;;
Grants for US citizens with Ph.D. or equivalent for lecturing and advanced research abroad. Deadline is August 1.

The Korea Institute, Harvard University, 1737 Cambridge St., 303 Coolidge Hall, Cambridge, MA 02138; Fax (617) 495-9976;
Fellowships for recent Ph.D.'s and those who will have a Ph.D. at the time of appointment working on a well-designed project. Application deadline for last year was February 1997.

C.P.O. Box 2147, 526 Namdaemun-ro 5-ga, Chung-gu, Seoul, KOREA; [82] (02) 753-6553.
FELLOWSHIP FOR KOREAN STUDIES: Fellowship for scholars (including Ph.D. candidates) and other professionals who want to carry out in-depth research in Korea. Awards are available for periods of one to six months between March 1 - December 31. Successful applicants are provided with a round-trip air ticket to Korea and a monthly stipend. Fellows establish their own research contacts and living facilities.
FELLOWSHIPS FOR KOREAN LANGUAGE TRAINING: Grants for Korean language training to university students, faculty members, and other qualified professionals overseas at a Korean university for a period of six to twelve months.

Summer 1998. Study at the National Center for Korean Traditional Performing Arts.
CONTACT: Dr. Okon Hwang, Associate Professor of Music, Fine Arts Department, Shafer Hall 4, Eastern Connecticut State University, Willimantic, CT 06226; (860) 465-5109; Fax (860) 465-4652;

NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE HUMANITIES Education Development and Demonstration Program, Division of Research and Education, National Endowment for the Humanities, Room 318, 1100 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20506; (202) 606-8200;;
Grants for individual scholars and US institutions that wish to develop new educational programs in the humanities.

NEAC Korean Grants, Association of Asian Studies, 1 Lane Hall, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1290; (313) 665-2490. (Grants available for U.S. citizens or permanent residents.)
Deadlines are October 1 and February 1.
RESEARCH TRAVEL WITHIN NORTH AMERICA: Awards for scholars (generally postdoctoral scholars and some Ph.D. candidates) of up to $1,000 who wish to use museum, library, or archival resources located in the United States and Canada for Korean research.
SHORT-TERM TRAVEL TO KOREA: Grants of up to $2,500 for trips to Korea on Korean studies projects.
RESEARCH ASSISTANCE: small grants up to $500 for scholarly needs not covered by other funding sources.
WORKSHOPS AND CONFERENCES: Partial support for organizing conferences on Korea.
PROJECTS THAT ENHANCE KOREAN STUDIES TEACHING: Awards up to $1,000 to support planning, workshops, and materials related to teaching about Korea.
GRANTS FOR TEACHERS FOR INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS: Small awards to teachers for the purchase of instructional materials on Korea.
KOREA RELATED SPEAKERS AND PANELS: Grants up to $1,500 to invite colleagues from Korea to participate in non-Asia related disciplinary conferences.

810 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10019; (212) 377-2700; Fax (212) 377-2727;;
INTERNATIONAL DISSERTATION FIELD RESEARCH FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM: Fifty dissertation fellowships for doctoral candidates in the social sciences and humanities conducting dissertation field research in all areas and regions of the world. The fellowship will provide support for nine to twelve months plus travel expenses up to $15,000. The program is open to all Ph.D. candidates in the US who have fulfilled all requirements except the fieldwork component. Application deadline November 18, 1997.
INTERNATIONAL PREDISSERTATION FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM (IPFP): Fellowships providing 12 months of support of support for graduate students in Ph.D. programs in the social sciences at 23 US universities for training in context-sensitive social sciences - to encourage research oriented to the developing world. Applications available at eligible universities.
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AKMR Panel:
Relationship Between Performance and Scholarship in Korean Traditional Music
Panel Coordinator: Okon Hwang

Systematic education in Korean traditional music began in earnest when a Department of Traditional Music was founded in Seoul National University in 1959. Since then, about 20 colleges and universities, and a few high schools, have established dedicated programs, producing a major portion of the scholars and performers now active in Korea. Nonetheless, some performers are still trained outside this formal education system. This panel examines whether the activities of the performing and academic communities in South Korea (and foreign scholars and performers working on Korean music) have a symbiotic relationship, and if so, how they interpenetrate each other.

"Scholars, Musicians and the Creative Process of Korean Music-Making" - Um Hae-Kyung

This paper is concerned with the dynamic relationships that exist between scholars of Korean music, musicians and their respective influences on the creative process of Korean music-making. Firstly, I will give a brief historical review of the various roles of Korean musical scholars and their associated social institutions and systems of patronage. Secondly, I will attempt to illustrate how the scholars and musicians exchange their knowledge and information with each other and how their transactions feed into the scholarly discourse on the one hand and music-making on the other. This dynamic, in turn, impacts on the various aspects of the creative process in Korean music, namely, composition, performance and transmission as well as the associated aesthetic values of these different processes. Finally, I will discuss how contemporary discourses on Korean music by both Korean and non-Korean academics, have provided a means by which Korean cultural identity is defined and expressed in modernity.

"Encountering Korea's 'Intangible Cultural Properties' System as a Performer and Scholar" - Andrew Killick

Perhaps the most striking aspect of the relationship between performance and scholarship in the current Korean traditional music scene is the power of scholars to determine what is deemed worthy of performance and preservation as traditional music. This power is exercised primarily through a system of designating specific items in the performing arts as 'intangible cultural properties' and specific artists as their authorized exponents, known as 'human cultural properties'. The system, introduced in the 1960s, purports to restore artistic heritage that had been threatened with extinction under Japanese colonialism (1910-1945), but is itself, ironically, modeled on a system introduced in Japan from 1950. In the effort to 'preserve' traditional culture it has brought radical changes of its own, while its 'official', government-backed representation of that culture has been chal lenged by the use of traditional performing arts in anti-establishment demonstrations.

I will consider this situation in the light of two personal experiences in the performance and scholarship of Korean music. First, my five years of lessons on the long-zither kayagum, during which I was taught only a single piece, provide a vivid illustration of the impoverishment of repertoire that can result from the 'cultural properties' system. Second, my research on the neo-traditional opera form ch'angguk, which has never been recognized as a 'cultural property' although many of its exponents have been designated 'human cultural properties' for their performance of ch'angguk's parent genre, the narrative song form p'ansori, provides a case study for evaluating the criteria by which 'traditional' credentials are established.

"The Mutual Relationship Between Performance Activities and Research at the National Center for Korean Traditional Performing Arts " - Song Hyejin

The National Center for Korean Traditional Performing Arts was founded in present form in 1951. Forerunners can be traced back to the 4th century. Since 1951, the most important missions have been to preserve and continue the uniqueness of Korean traditional performing arts and to facilitate innovative changes in the performance and composition of new music.

The Center is responsible for training musicians and performing at major national and international celebrations, concerts, and educational programs. The Center employs about 150 performers and 100 staff members in four divisions: General Affairs, Performance, Promotion, Research. The Research Department pursues research in musicology and systematic music theory in order to provide academic and historical bases for Center activities. My paper examines how the research function contributes to the preservation, promotion, education, and development of Korean traditional performing arts.

"Interpreting the Performer Through Notation" - Keith Howard

This paper starts with more than two performers: my teachers in Korea, and my own work as a performer and teacher of Korean music. The tradition, certainly in Korean minsok umak (folk music), has until the last decade or so been oral; the notation systems developed over many centuries have functioned largely as memory aids for literati and as records for preserving correctness in court rites. The introduction of Western music at the end of the 19th century, and the move of music training into schools and universities, increased the importance of notation as a tool for learning. Musicians have developed a number of different systems, from oral mnemonics to alphabetic dance notations.

How can we interpret the notation systems which have evolved? To what extent can /must I adapt and modify the Korean systems in my own teaching of Korean music performance? In this paper I look specifically at three cases: Kim Kisu (1917-1986), and the publication of scores in Korean chongganbo notation based on earlier staff notations; oral mnemonics and apparent inconsistencies when examined from a pitch formant perspective; and notations for SamulNori, a Korean percussion genre.

AKMR Website

AKMR Membership
The Association for Korean Music Research is dedicated to the advancement of the research and study of Korean music. Individual members of AKMR receive the AKMR Newsletter and may vote and participate in the activities of AKMR. Membership dues are $10 (US). All inquiries about membership and payment of membership dues (payable to "AKMR") should be made to:

Dr. Okon Hwang
Fine Arts Department
Shafer Hall 4
Eastern Connecticut State University
Willimantic, CT 06226

AKMR Officers
Robert Provine, President
Okon Hwang, Secretary/Treasurer
YouYoung Kang, Newsletter Editor
Marnie Dilling, Member-at-Large (d. May 1997)
Keith Howard, Member-at-Large
Nathan Hesselink, Member-at-Large